NEET, after being combined with AIIMS and JIPMER entrance exams, has become compulsory and mandatory to crack if students want to pursue MBBS or BDS in India or abroad. I will be explaining everything in detail about the undergraduate medical entrance exam NEET and why it is important and necessary for medical and dental fields.
What is NEET?
What is the full form of NEET?
It stands for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate).
Why is NEET important?
It’s the only entrance examination in India for students who wish to study MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) or BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) after their 12th examination. Also, if any student wishes to study medical/dental courses abroad, he/she must qualify NEET UG.
Are NEET and AIPMT same?
No, they’re not the same. NEET replaced AIPMT in 2013.
Are NEET, AIIMS and JIPMER merged?
Yes. Until 2019, AIIMS (All India Institutes of Medical Sciences) and JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research) had separate entrance exams to enroll medical students (both AIIMS and JIPMER do not offer BDS as their undergraduate course). But after the enactment of the NMC Act in September 2019, NEET UG became the common entrance test for admissions to all medical and dental colleges in India. Hence, NEET, AIIMS, and JIPMER will be combined into one common entrance exam, starting from 2020.
Who is in charge of conducting NEET UG entrance exam?
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) was in charge from the year 2013 to the year 2018.
But from 2019, National Testing Agency (NTA) took over. NTA was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and the Government of India (GOI).
Can I do MBBS without NEET?
MBBS cannot be pursued without qualifying NEET. To study MBBS in India or abroad, one must crack NEET. Hence, NEET is necessary to qualify if aspirants want to pursue MBBS/BDS (medical/dental studies) in their future.
NEET Subjects & Syllabus
What are the subjects for NEET?
PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology).
Is maths compulsory for NEET entrance examination?
No, knowledge and skills of the students are tested based on only 3 subjects (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology).
What is the syllabus of the NEET UG exam?
Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (class 11 and 12), as prescribed by the NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training).
NEET Exam Pattern
What is the NEET exam pattern?
180 questions are asked in the exam totally. Multiple choice questions (MCQ) type with 4 options to choose from for each question.
45 questions are asked from chemistry, 45 from physics, and 90 from biology. Hence, biology carries a maximum weightage of 360 marks, whereas chemistry and physics carry a weightage of 180 marks each.
A correctly answered response will get you 4 marks.
A wrongly answered response will get you -1 mark.
No response will not fetch you any marks.
Hence, the exam is of 720 marks totally.
Maximum marks that can be scored = 720.
Minimum marks that can be scored = -180.
What is the duration of the NEET for UG exam?
The duration of the exam is 3 hours (180 minutes), leaving you with 1 minute to answer each question. Fastest finger first!
Will it be conducted offline/online?
It has always been offline (pen and paper).
NEET Eligibility Criteria
What is the percentage of eligibility or qualification marks required in 12th to be eligible to appear for NEET?
General category students must score a minimum aggregate of 50% in PCB.
OBC, ST, and SC students must score a minimum aggregate of 40% in PCB.
Is 10th marks important for NEET?
No, 10th marks are not taken into consideration. Only marks in class 12th are taken into consideration to be eligible for NEET UG.
How many attempts are there in NEET UG?
There is absolutely no limit on the number of attempts a student can make as the supreme court is yet to pass a judgment on the same. Therefore, there is no upper age limit. However, do note that only students with a minimum age of 17 years are allowed to write the entrance exam.
Number of MBBS & BDS seats
How many seats are available through NEET UG entrance examination?
As of 2020, there are around 78,333 MBBS seats in 549 colleges and 26,773 BDS seats in 313 colleges.
How many students apply for NEET UG every year?
Here are the numbers from the last 3 years:
15,93,452 students applied in NEET UG 2020.
14,10,755 students applied in NEET UG 2019.
13,26,725 students applied in NEET UG 2018.
11,38,890 students applied in NEET UG 2017.
As you can see, every year the number of students applying for NEET UG increase by a huge margin
How much is the application fee for NEET UG?
As per NEET UG 2019,
1400 rupees for General and OBC (Other Backward Class) category.
750 rupees for SC (Scheduled Castes) and ST (Scheduled Tribes) category.
As per NEET UG 2020,
1500 rupees for General and 1400 OBC (Other Backward Class) category.
800 rupees for SC (Scheduled Castes) and ST (Scheduled Tribes) category.
Counseling & Seat Allotment
How is the NEET UG counseling done?
Please note that NTA does not conduct the counseling process, and it’s the responsibility of the MCC (Medical Counselling Committee). It is crucial to qualify for NEET in order to proceed with the counselling procedure.
Counseling is done by MCC (conducted online) for 15% of AIQ (All India quota) seats and 100% seats in ESIC (Employees’ State Insurance) institutes, AFMC (Armed Forces Medical College), Deemed/Central Universities as well as AIIMS and JIPMER. The 85% remaining seats are state quota seats and counseling for these seats is done by the state themselves (also conducted online). Applicants are then required to fill their choices of colleges and wait for the subsequent rounds of counseling. Complete and detailed updates will be provided on the respective center and state websites at the time of counseling and students are required to repeatedly check them.
How are medical seats allotted in NEET?
Seat allotment is carried out based on the instructions laid down by the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) and the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS).
The seat allotment in NEET is done on the basis of the AIR (All India Rank).
Stay updated with latest info
What are some important websites I must regularly visit to be updated with the latest information and news regarding medical and dental education in India?
- National Testing Agency, NTA (for NEET UG latest news and updates)
- MCC (Medical Counselling Committee).
- Ministry of HRD, Government of India
- Medical Council of India
- Dental Council of India
- Directorate General of Health Services
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
- Government of India
If you still have any questions/doubts pertaining to NEET, feel free to comment below.
Good luck Medicoholics! Until next time.