Histology Slides For MBBS 1st Year [With Identification Points]

In this post, you can view and download all the important Histology slides in the 1st year of MBBS.

It includes both general and systemic slides. Along with the pictures of the histological slides, two indentification points have also been mentioned for your understanding and convenience.

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There are dozens of Histology Textbooks out there, making it difficult for medical students to decide which ones to purchase. To make it easier for you, I’ve handpicked BEST and MOST RECOMMENDED textbooks:

Click here to check out MCI recommended books for MBBS 1st Year.


Cartilage

Hyaline cartilage

hyaline cartilage histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Cell nests of chondrocytes present.
  • Territorial and interterritorial matrix present.
  • Perichondrium present.

Yellow elastic cartilage

yellow elastic cartilage histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification: 

  • Large singly arranged chondrocytes in lacunae.
  • Perichondrium present.

White fibrocartilage

white fibrocartilage histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Chondrocytes of similar size present between collagen bundles.
  • Perichondrium absent.

Compact bone

Transverse section of bone

bone ts histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Presence of osteocytes in lacunae.
  • Haversian system present with concentric lamellae.

Longitudinal section of bone

bone ls histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Osteocytes present.
  • Longitudinal section of the haversian system and Volkmann’s canal seen.

Muscular tissue

Skeletal muscle

skeletal muscle histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Cylindrical muscle fibers with prominent striations.
  • Presence of peripherally arranged flattened multinuclei.

Cardiac muscle

cardiac muscle histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Branching fibers with striations present.
  • Intercalated discs and centrally placed nucleus present.

Nervous tissue

Peripheral nerve (transverse section)

peripheral nerve histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Nerve fibres arranged in fasiculi.
  • Endoneural, perineual and epineural connective tissues seen.

Optic nerve (transverse section)

optic nerve histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 3 layers of meninges.
  • Presence of central artery and vein along with nerve fiber bundles.

Ganglia

Spinal ganglion

spinal ganglion histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Presence of round pseudounipolar neurons in groups.
  • Presence of nerve fibers in the form of bundles in between ganglion cells.

Sympathetic ganglion

sympathetic ganglion histology slide for 1st year mbbs

Points of identification:

  • Presence of small and scattered multipolar neurons with eccentric nuclei.
  • Presence of satellite cells.

Blood vessels

Muscular/Medium sized artery

muscular or medium sized artery histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Thick tunica media with numerous smooth muscle fibers.
  • Presence of internal elastic lamina thrown into folds.

Elastic/Large sized artery

elastic or large sized artery histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of three layers tunica intima, tunica media and tunica adventitia.
  • Tunica media is more prominent with more elastic fiber and few smooth muscle fibers.

Large vein

large vein histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 3 layers tunica intima, tunica media and tunica adventitia.
  • Tunica adventitia is more prominent with muscular patches seen.

Salivary glands

Serous salivary gland

serous salivary gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of serous acini with round basal nuclei and small lumen.
  • Presence of lobar and interlobular ducts.

Mucous salivary gland

mucous salivary gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of mucous acini with flattened basal nucleus.
  • Presence of interlobular and intralobular ducts.

Mixed salivary gland

mixed salivary gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of mucous and serous acini with serous demilunes.
  • Presence of lobar and interlobar ducts.

Lymphoid tissue

Lymph node

lymph node histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of lymphatic nodules in cortex
  • Presence of medullary cords and sinuses in the medulla.

Thymus

thymus histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of lobules with lymphoid tissue.
  • Presence of Hassall’s corpuscles in the medulla.

Spleen

spleen histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of thick capsule and trabeculae.
  • Red pulp containing splenic cords and sinusoids and white pulp present.

Palatine tonsil

palatine tonsil histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of crypts.
  • Presence of subepithelial lymphoid nodule.

Integumentary system

Thin skin

thin skin histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of dermis and epidermis.
  • Presence of dermis with hair follicles and sebaceous glands.

Thick skin

thick skin histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of dermis and thick epidermis.
  • Presence of dermis with sweat glands.

Tongue

Points of identification:

  • Presence of different kinds of papillae with skeletal muscle fibers.
  • Presence of glands and stratified nonkeratinized squamous cell lining.

Fungiform, filliform papillae

tongue fungiform filiform papillae histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Circumvallate papillae

tongue circumvallate papillae histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Endocrine glands

Pituitary gland

pitutiary gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of pars anterior with acidophils and basophils.
  • Presence of pars nervosa with pituicytes and pars intermedius with colloid.

Thyroid gland

thyroid gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of thyroid follicles filled with colloid.
  • Presence of parafollicular cells.

Parathyroid gland

parathyroid gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Cords of cells with numerous sinusoids.
  • 2 types of cells – chief (smaller, more in number, central large spherical nuclei) and oxyntic cells (larger, lesser in number).

Suprarenal gland

suprarenal or adrenal gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of cortex and medulla.
  • Presence of secretory cells and sympathetic neurons.

Special senses

Cornea

cornea histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of anterior limiting lamina.
  • Presence of thick substantia propria with keratocytes.

Retina

retina histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 10 layers.
  • Presence of external and internal limiting lamina.

Central Nervous System

Spinal cord

spinal cord histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of H shaped gray mater.
  • Presence of central canal.

Cerebellum

cerebellum histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of molecular layer and granular layer and white mater.
  • Presence of Purkinje cells in Purkinje cell layer.

Cerebrum

cerebrum histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of superficial pia mater and inner white mater.
  • Presence of stellate cells and giant pyramidal cells.

Respiratory system

Epiglottis

epiglottis histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Yellow elastic cartilage present.
  • Yellow elastic cartilage covered by stratified squamous epithelium on the oral side and pseudostratified columnar epithelium on the respiratory side.

Trachea

trachea histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of hyaline cartilaginous plates.
  • Presence of mucous and serous glands in lamina propria.

Lung

lung histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of various bronchioles.
  • Presence of alveoli lined by simple squamous epithelium.

Gastrointestinal tract

Esophagus

esophagus histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 4 layers of GIT.
  • Presence of esophageal glands in submucosa.

Stomach (fundus)

fundus of stomach histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 4 layers of GIT.
  • Presence of fundic glands, gastric pits and mucosal folds.

Stomach (pylorus)

pylorus of stomach histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of four layers of GIT.
  • Presence of pyloric glands, and abundant mucous neck cells.

Duodenum

duodenum histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 4 layers of GIT.
  • Presence of Brunner’s glands in submucosa and villi on mucous membrane.

Jejunum

jejunum histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 4 layers of GIT.
  • Presence of intestinal crypts and tongue shaped villi.

Ileum

illeum histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 4 layers of GIT.
  • Presence of Peyer’s patches and finger shaped villi.

Large intestine

large intestine histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 4 layers of GIT.
  • Presence of taenia coli and tubular glands in folds with goblet cells.

Appendix

appendix histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 4 layers of GIT.
  • Lymphatic nodules present in submucosa.

Liver

liver histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Hexagonally arranged hepatocytes with portal triad.
  • Presence of central vein.

Gallbladder

gall bladder histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 3 layers of GIT.
  • Absence of submucosa.

Pancreas

Points of identification:

  • Presence of pancreatic acini.
  • Presence of islets of Langerhans.

Urinary system

Kidney

kidney histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of cortex and medulla with cut sections of PCT, DCT, etc.
  • Presence of medullary rays and renal corpuscles.

Ureter

ureter histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of star shaped lumen lined by transitional epithelium.
  • Presence of 3 muscle coats.

Urinary bladder

urinary bladder histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of transitional epithelial lining.
  • Presence of ill-defined muscle coat

Male reproductive system

Testis

testis histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of seminiferous tubules with spermatozoa.
  • Presence of interstitial cells between the tubules.

Epididymis

epididymis histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of highly convoluted efferent ductules with stereocilia.
  • Presence of smooth muscle around the ductules.

Vas deferens

vas deferens histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of narrow irregular lumen with mucosal folds.
  • Presence of thick circularly arranged muscle coat.

Prostate

prostate gland histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of prostatic acini separated by fibromuscular tissue.
  • Presence of amyloid body

Female Reproductive System

Ovary

ovary histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of follicles with oocytes in diff erent stages of maturity.
  • Presence of germinal epithelium

Uterine tube

uterine or fallopian tube histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of primary, secondary, tertiary mucosal folds and its lumen.
  • Presence of circular muscle coat.

Uterus 

Points of identification:

  • Presence of thick myometrium with smooth muscle.
  • Presence of uterine glands in endometrium.

Placenta

placenta histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Chorionic villi of different stages seen.
  • Intervillous space filled with maternal blood and RBCs.

Umbilical cord 

umbilical cord histology slide for mbbs 1st year

Points of identification:

  • Presence of 2 umbilical arteries and 1 umbilical vein.
  • Presence of Wharton’s jelly.

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Comment your thoughts and suggestions below.

Good luck Medicoholics! Until next time.

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