Reproduction in Organisms: NEET MCQ Questions [100+ Solved]

Here you will find NEET MCQ questions on the Class 12 Biology Chapter “Reproduction in Organisms” based on the NCERT textbook. Solve the below free NEET mock test for a better understanding of the various topics. 100+ important MCQs (multiple choice questions) are given in this NEET question bank.

Reproduction in Organisms is the first chapter in the unit “Reproduction” of class XII or class 12th Biology NCERT. Do note that NEET (which is conducted by NTA) is based on NCERT books so they are a must have. You can also download the PDF of NCERT textbooks.

Important Questions For NEET:

You can also answer the below NEET quiz in a sheet of paper. Once you’re done with the NEET online test series, cross verify and calculate your score and judge your performance based on the scored marks. To calculate your score, multiply 4 with the number of correct attempts and then subtract that with the number of incorrect or wrong attempts.

I hope this will help you practice better for the NEET exam! All the best!

1. Which animals have developed the capacity for regeneration?
(a) Hydra, Starfish
(b) Plasmodium
(c) Earthworm
(d) Spongilla

(a) Hydra, Starfish

2. Sporulation occurs in
(a) Plasmodium
(b) Hydra
(c) Starfish
(d) Spongilla

(a) Plasmodium

3. Which plant reproduces vegetatively by roots?
(a) Oxalis
(b) Bryophyllum
(c) Onion
(d) Dahlia

(d) Dahlia

4. Which plant performs vegetative reproduction with the help of floral buds?
(a) Agave
(b) Bryophyllum
(c) Ginger
(d) Asparagus

(a) Agave

5. Which part of the plant bryophyllum performs vegetative reproduction?
(a) Stem
(b) Floral buds
(c) Underground roots
(d) Buds on life margin

(d) Buds on life margin

6. What types of chromosomes are always present in gametes?
(a) Haploid
(b) Diploid
(c) Triploid
(d) Tetraploid

(a) Haploid

7. Which physiological process is necessary for birth, growth, death, production of offspring, and continuity of the species?
(a) Digestion
(b) Transportation
(c) Reproduction
(d) Nutrition

(c) Reproduction

8. In which type of reproduction single parent is essential for reproduction?
(a) Asexual
(b) Sexual
(c) Vegetative
(d) Fragmentation

(a) Asexual

9. In which type of reproduction two individuals of the opposite sex are essential?
(a) Asexual
(b) Sexual
(c) Vegetative
(d) Fragmentation

(b) Sexual

10. In which type of organism asexual reproduction is seen?
(a) Unicellular
(b) Bicellular
(c) Multicellular
(d) Both a and c

(d) Both a and c

11. How does Amoeba reproduce?
(a) Binary fission
(b) Budding
(c) Sporulation
(d) Both a and c

(d) Both a and c

12. What is a ciliated spore?
(a) Non-motile spores
(b) Zoospores
(c) Homospores
(d) Heterospores

(b) Zoospores

13. Non-flagellate spores are called conidia. In which organism are they seen?
(a) Penicillium
(b) Hydra
(c) Amoeba
(d) Chlamydomonas

(a) Penicillium

14. Which animals reproduce by exogenous budding?
(a) Hydra
(b) Spongilla
(c) Plasmodium
(d) Amoeba

(a) Hydra

15. Which animal reproduces by multiple fission?
(a) Hydra
(b)Plasmodium
(c) Spongilla
(d) Euglena

(b)Plasmodium

16. In which method of asexual reproduction the division of cytoplasm is not possible?
(a) Amitotic division
(b) Binary fission
(c) Division
(d) Budding

(a) Amitotic division

17. During which process cyst is formed?
(a) Binary fission
(b) Multiple fission
(c) Sporulation
(d) Budding

(c) Sporulation

18. In which method pseudopodiospores are formed?
(a) Binary fission
(b) Multiple fission
(c) Sporulation
(d) Budding

(c) Sporulation

19. In which organism other than an amoeba, sporulation is seen?
(a) Paramoecium
(b) Plasmodium
(c) Hydra
(d) Planaria

(b) Plasmodium

20. In which animal, the formation of exogenous budding takes place from the parent body?
(a) Hydra
(b) Planaria
(c) Amoeba
(d) Paramoecium

(a) Hydra

21. Which special method of reproduction is found on Nephrolepis?
(a) Offsets
(b) Stolons
(c) Runner
(d) Suckers

(b) Stolons

22. Which of the following is not a natural method of vegetative reproduction?
(a) Suckers
(b) Cutting
(c) Runners
(d) Offsets

(b) Cutting

23. How many chromosomes are there in the meiocyte of Apple?
(a) 17
(b)34
(c) 20
(d)10

(a) 17

24. In which animal conjugation occurs as a sexual reproduction?
(a)Birds
(b)Hydra
(c) Paramoecium
(d) Spirogyra

(c) Paramoecium

25. Development of zygote taking place outside the body is called?
(a) Viviparous
(b)Oviparous
(c) Omnivorous
(d) Frugivorous

(b)Oviparous

26. By which asexual reproductive method do Dictyota, Fucus and Yeast reproduce?
(a) Budding
(b) Sporulation
(c) Fragmentation
(d) Fission

(a) Budding

27. Which algae reproduce by fragmentation?
(a) Ulothrix, Oedogonium
(b) Spirogyra, Zygnema
(c) Sargasum, Oscillatoria
(d) Both a and b

(d) Both a and b

28. In which plants motile ciliated spores are produced during spore formation?
(a) Chlamydomonas
(b) Spirogyra
(c) Dictyota
(d) Fucus

(a) Chlamydomonas

29. What divides first during the method of fission?
(a) Cytoplasmic membrane
(b) Cytoplasm
(c) Nucleus
(d) Cell organelles

(c) Nucleus

30. In Amoeba, the plane of cytoplasmic division is in which direction?
(a) One direction
(b) Two direction
(c) Three direction
(d)Any direction

(d)Any direction

31. Which type of division happens in Euglena?
(a) Transversal
(b) Longitudinal
(c) Peripheral
(d) Radial

(b) Longitudinal

32. Other than Euglena, which of the following organism divides by longitudinal division?
(a) Amoeba
(b) Paramoecium
(c) Vorticella
(d) Plasmodium

(c) Vorticella

33. In which method of asexual reproduction the offspring are genetically identical, to the parents?
(a) Amitotic division
(b) Multiple fission
(c) Division
(d) Binary fission

(d) Binary fission

34. Non-motile and non-flagellate spores are commonly seen in which plants?
(a) Penicillium
(b) Aspergillus
(c) Mucor
(d) Both a and b

(d) Both a and b

35. The plants which bear only one kind of spores during the Sporophytic, stage are known as
(a) Spores
(b) Heterosporous
(c) Homosporous
(d) Gametes

(c) Homosporous

36. The plants which bear only two types of hetero spores during the Sporophytic stage is known as
(a) Spores
(b) Somatic spores
(c) Homosporous
(d) Heterosporous

(d) Heterosporous

37. Which type of spores are produced by pteridophytes and gymnosperms?
(a) Spores
(b) Somatic spores
(c) Heterospores
(d) Homospores

(c) Heterospores

38. How does vegetative reproduction take place in flowering plants?
(a) Natural
(b) Artificial
(c) By chemicals
(d) Both a and b

(d) Both a and b

39. Which of the following pair is incorrect?
(a) Lawn grass-runner
(b) Pistia-offset
(c) Nephrolepis-stolons
(d) Sellaginella-Suckers

(d) Sellaginella-Suckers

40. Which of the following Plant shows root cutting?
(a) Sugarcane
(b) Croton
(c) Rose
(d) Lemon

(d) Lemon

41. In Which plant stem is used for vegetative propagation of the plant?
(a) Lemon, grapes
(b) Hibiscus, mogra
(c) Sugarcane, rose
(d) Mango, apple

(c) Sugarcane, rose

42. In which of the following organism, internal bud formation is seen?
(a) Amoeba, Plasmodium
(b) Amoeba, Paramecium
(c) Planaria, Hydra
(d) Spongilla, sycon

(d) Spongilla, sycon

43. What are Internal buds known as?
(a) Gene
(b) Clone
(c) Gemmules
(d) Bud

(c) Gemmules

44. Which method of asexual reproduction can be said as the method of regeneration?
(a) Binary fission
(b) Sporulation
(c) Budding
(d) Fragmentation

(d) Fragmentation

45. Which of the following group of animals show regeneration?
(a) Planaria, Hydra, Starfish
(b) Starfish, Amoeba, Plasmodium
(c) Amoeba, Hydra, Paramoecium
(d) Amoeba, Planaria, Starfish

(a) Planaria, Hydra, Starfish

46. Which asexual reproduction process is seen in bacteria?
(a) Budding
(b) Sporulation
(c) Fragmentation
(d) Fission

(d) Fission

47. For which plants layering method of vegetative propagation is used?
(a) Lemon, Grapes
(b) Sugarcane, Rose
(c) Mango, Apple
(d) Guava, Litchi

(a) Lemon, Grapes

48. What does a stock have?
(a) Bud
(b) Branches
(c) Leaves
(d) Possess regular or irregular roots

(d) Possess regular or irregular roots

49. Grafting is useful for the production of
(a) Agriculture
(b) Horticulture
(c) For inducing flowering
(d) Fruit yield plants

(d) Fruit yield plants

50. Which gametes take part in sexual reproduction?
(a) Male gametes
(b) Female gametes
(c) Neutral gametes
(d) Both a and b

(d) Both a and b

51. During which phase, a living organism becomes sexually mature?
(a) Childhood
(b) Adolesence
(c) Old age
(d) None of these

(b) Adolesence

52. In plants, the phase from germination to grow till its maturity is known as?
(a) Linear growth phase
(b)Germination phase
(c) Flowering phase
(d) None of the above

(a) Linear growth phase

53. Which phase of conjugation is impossible in gametes?
(a) Post-fertilization phase
(b) Fertilization phase
(c) Pre-fertilization phase
(d) Gamete phase

(d) Gamete phase

54. Two gametes having similar appearance are called as
(a) Gametes
(b) Isogametes
(c) Heterogametes
(d) Isospores

(b) Isogametes

55. In which plants isogametes are seen?
(a) Cladophora
(b) Ulothrix
(c) Spirogyra
(d) Both a and b

(d) Both a and b

56. Morphologically distinct gametes are called as
(a) Isogametes
(b) Heterogametes
(c) Gametes
(d) Iso-spores

(b) Heterogametes

57. Which organisms have diploid body organization?
(a) Monera and Fungi
(b) Algae and Bryophyte
(c) Pteridophytes and Angiosperms
(d) Both a and b

(d) Both a and b

58. Which organisms have diploid body organization?
(a) Pteridophytes, angiosperms
(b) Angiosperms
(c) Most of the animals
(d) All three

(d) All three

59. Normally male gametes are
(a) Stationary
(b) Ordinary
(c) Nutritive
(d) Motile

(d) Motile

60. Normally Female gametes are
(a) Stationary
(b) Ordinary
(c) Nutritive
(d) Motile

(a) Stationary

61. By which medium gametes of Algae, Bryophytes, and Pteridophytes move?
(a) Air
(b) Water
(c) Lipids
(d) Tissue

(b) Water

62. Which structure provides a surface for the settlement of pollen grains in angiosperm plants?
(a) Anther
(b) Style
(c) Stigma
(d) Pollen tube

(c) Stigma

63. The process of transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma is known as
(A) Distribution of pollen grains
(b) Transportation of pollen grains
(c) Formation of pollen grains
(d) Pollination

(d) Pollination

64. Where do pollen grains germinate?
(a) Anther
(b) Style
(c) Stigma
(d) Pollen tube

(c) Stigma

65. Which structure is produced by the germination of pollen grain?
(a) Pollen tube
(b) Style
(c) Tube
(d) Vessels

(a) Pollen tube

66. In which organ the growth of the pollen tube is observed, till it reaches the ovules?
(a)Pollen tube
(b) Style
(c) Ovary
(d) Stigma

(b) Style

67. Development of zygote result in the formation of
(a) Seed
(b) Fruit
(c) Embryo
(d) Seed coat

(c) Embryo

68. During conjugation, the bridge is formed of
(a) Nucleus
(b) Inter cytoplasm
(c) Chromosomes
(d) Cytoplasm

(d) Cytoplasm

69. The process of organ formation start of
(a) Due to growth
(b) Due to development
(c) Due to differentiation
(d) Due to division

(c) Due to differentiation

70. The fertilized eggs of reptiles and birds are covered with calcareous shells. Due to this, the zygote passes from which phase?
(a) Growth phase
(b) Vegetative phase
(c) Development phase
(d) Incubation phase

(d) Incubation phase

71. In Angiosperms, which parts of the flowers wither and fall off?
(a) Sepals
(b) Petals
(c) Stamens
(d) All the three

(d) All the three

72. In Angiosperms which part of the flowers is attached to the plant body.
(a) Calyx
(b) Carolla
(c) Gynoecium
(d) Androecium

(c) Gynoecium

73. In asexual reproduction, embryosac develop from which part?
(a) Pollen grain
(b) Ovum
(c) Ovary
(d) Mother megaspore

(d) Mother megaspore

74. In amorphophallus and colocasia vegetative reproduction occur by which plant organ?
(a) Tuber stem
(b) Bubil
(c) Corm
(d) Offsets

(c) Corm

75. What is the eye of a potato?
(a) Root
(b) Stem
(c) Bud
(d) Flower

(c) Bud

76. Which type of vegetative reproduction occurs in Grape and Hibiscus?
(a) Cutting
(b) Layering
(c) By seed
(d) Grafting

(b) Layering

77. Find out mismatched from the following.
(a) Lawn grass-runner
(b) Mango-Grafting
(c) Lemon-by embryo grafting
(d) Bamboo-Grafting

(d) Bamboo-Grafting

78. Which one is the best?
(a) Stock
(b) Scion
(c) Cutting
(d) All a, b, c

(d) All a, b, c

79. Which method is used for vegetative reproduction of the development of banana plants?
(a) Cutting
(b) Layering
(c) Grafting
(d) Bud Grafting

(a) Cutting

80. Which organism becomes reproductive due to deficiency of mitosis and meiosis?
(a) Dog
(b) Ameoba
(c) Grasshopper
(d) Earthworm

(b) Ameoba

81. In which circumstances pseudopodia spores are produced?
(a) Normal
(b) Favourable
(c) Unfavourable
(d) Specific condition

(c) Unfavourable

82. Which asexual reproduction three-layered encysts develop?
(a) Binary fission
(b) multiple fission
(c) Sporulation
(d) Fragmentation

(c) Sporulation

83. Which type of asexual reproduction takes place in sycon and spongilla?
(a) Exo budding
(b) Endo budding
(c) Fragmentation
(d) Division

(b) Endo budding

84. Asexual reproduction takes place by which method in dictyota and fucus?
(a) By Bud method
(b) By Binary fission
(c) By Multiple fission
(d) By Fragmentation

(a) By Bud method

85. Flagellated spore is known as
(a) Non-flaglleted spore
(b) Motile spore
(c) spore
(d) Hetero spore

(b) Motile spore

86. Conidia spore is known as
(a) Motile spore
(b) Non-flagellated spore
(c) spore
(d) Hetero spore

(b) Non-flagellated spore

87. In which reproductive system plants, Animals & Fungi or differentiated morphologically, histologically, and physiologically?
(a) Asexual
(b) Sexual
(c) Vegetative
(d) Artificial reproduction

(b) Sexual

88. What are the various stages of sexual reproduction?
(a) Growth, Development, Differentiation.
(b) Pre fertilization, Fertilization, Post fertilization.
(c) Fertilization, Post Fertilization, Pre Fertilization.
(d) Gametogenesis, Gamete transfer, Gamete Fertilization.

(b) Pre fertilization, Fertilization, Post fertilization.

89. How many chromosome numbers are seen in Onion and Housefly during meiosis?
(a) 32,12
(b) 16,12
(c) 16,06
(d) 32,06

(c) 16,06

90. In which development of zygote takes place in female is called as…….. in animals.
(a) Oviparous
(b) Viviparous
(c) Ovoviviparous
(d) None

(b) Viviparous

91. The production of a new plant from the maternal plant is called
(a) Vegetative reproduction
(b) Cutting
(c) Grafting
(d) Layering

(a) Vegetative reproduction

92. Which of the following plant reproduces by leaf?
(a) Agave
(b) Bryophyllum
(c) Gladiolus
(d) Potato

(b) Bryophyllum

93. Pollen tube enters the embryo sac through (AIIMS-2004)
(a) Anyone synergid cell
(b) Directly penetrating the egg cell
(c) In between one synergid cell and secondary nucleus.
(d) The help of antipodal cells.

(a) Anyone synergid cell

94. Grafting is impossible in monocot-because
(a) Vascular bundles are scattered.
(b) Meristem is absent
(c) Collateral open vascular bundle
(d) Radial vascular bundle.

(b) Meristem is absent

95. If vegetative growth of the plant takes place but flower production does not occur-then what could
be the reason for this?
(a) Imbalance of hormones
(b) Photoperiod
(c) Imbalance of sugar in water
(d) Irregular transport of solute.

(b) Photoperiod

96. What is the name of the technique for the production of a large number of the top?
(a) Top production
(b) Organogenesis
(c) Micro culture
(d) Embryo culture

(b) Organogenesis

97. Where does the culture of the haploid pollen grain be useful in plant breeding?
(a) For the production of the better hybrid
(b) For the production of homogametic organisms.
(c) For the production of disease-causing organisms
(d) None of this

(c) For the production of disease-causing organisms

98. Haploid plants are obtained by culture of-
(a) Young leaves
(b) Endosperm
(c) Pollen grain
(d) Root apex

(b) Endosperm

99. Which of the following is associated with vegetative reproduction?
(a) Combination of pre-existing cytoplasm.
(b) Tissue culture
(c) Endo static fertilization
(d) (a) and (b) Both

(c) Endo static fertilization

100. Which of the following animal shows longitudinal binary fission?
(a) Englena
(b) Plasmodium
(c) Planaria
(d) Paramoecium

(d) Paramoecium

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